St Mary's Church of England Primary School Twickenham

Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2

Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2

The Primary Years are divided into two phases: Infant for ages 5 to 7, known as Key Stage 1, and Junior for ages 7 to 11, known as Key Stage 2.

Both Key Stages follow the framework of the National Curriculum. For each subject and for each key stage, programmes of study set out what pupils should be taught, and attainment targets set out the expected standards of pupils’ performance. Please reference the DfE website for full definitions and information.

Pupils are assessed at the end of KS 1 (Year 2) and the majority are expected to work at levels 1-3 and attain a level 2. Assessment also takes place at the end of KS2 (Year 6) and pupils are expected to attain a level 4.

In both Key Stages the statutory subjects that all pupils must study are art and design, design and technology, English, geography, history, information and communication technology (ICT), mathematics, music, physical education, religious studies and science. In September 2010, modern foreign languages become statutory at KS 2.

  • Able & Talented

    For information please see this page Able & Talented
  • Art and Design

    We take pride in our school environment and display our high quality artwork around the school. We also showcase our children's work at the annual Borough Arts Fair. The children learn how to use a range of painting materials and creativity methods, including working with clay, pastels, printing and sketching in ink.
  • Computing and Digital Literacy

    For today's environment, it is essential that we support pupils in becoming confident with computers and other technology. Children at St Mary's have excellent opportunities to learn in our dedicated computing suites - both on the Infant and Junior sites. All classrooms also have their own computers with fully interactive whiteboards and software programs. All children follow a detailed and progressive curriculum. Please see the Curriculum Map.
  • Design and Technology

    Aims and Purposes of Design and Technology

    Design and Technology provides opportunities for pupils to develop their capabilities, combining their designing and making skills with knowledge and understanding, in order to create high quality products. Children gain a knowledge and understanding of materials, components, controls and structures. At St Mary’s we nurture creativity and innovation through designing and making. We hope the children will develop an understanding of technological processes and products, making ‘real world’ links wherever possible.


    Design and Technology is planned using the new national curriculum. We use a variety of teaching and learning styles in DT lessons. We encourage co-operation and teamwork however there are many opportunities for individual work/projects. Class teachers use their flair and enthusiasm to identify the most enjoyable and safest methods appropriate for the work being conducted.
    We provide a range of Design and Technology activities which help the children to develop their confidence when formulating ideas. Pupils have the opportunity to investigate, disassemble and evaluate a range of simple products which are found in everyday life. The children use focussed practical tasks to develop their skills, techniques and knowledge, particularly those related to tools and materials.
    The children have opportunities to critically evaluate their work against an agreed success criteria. Pupils experience a sense of achievement having worked through the design process that culminates in a finished product.
  • English

    As well as reading and writing, English involves the development speaking and listening skills. English is taught through dedicated English lessons at St Mary’s, but we recognise that pupils can also develop their English skills when they learn about other subjects in the curriculum.


    At St Mary’s Primary School everyone is committed to teaching all children to read. Teachers have an excellent knowledge and understanding of the processes involved to help children adopt a love for reading.
    We use synthetic phonics to help children to read. With synthetic phonics, children start by learning individual sounds. In Reception we teach these initial sounds using actions taken from the ‘Jolly Phonics’ programme. Once they have a firm grasp of these individual sounds we teach children to blend sounds together to read simple words, like c-a-t, b-o-x and f-r-o-g. Children also learn to read groups of letters by saying the sound they represent, like ee in f-ee-t and ai in r-ai-n. Gradually they will learn to match sounds to letters which will then support them in their writing and spelling.

    English is complicated and there are many ways to rpresent the same sound e.g. ay/ ai/ a_e (day, rain, cake) etc. Children are taught all of these different ways nin their phonics lessons during Key Stage 1.

    Children may have started to learn phonics in Nursery through songs, games, rhymes and stories. Sessions become more focused as the children start in Reception and are very sharply focused in years 1 and 2.

    We follow the teaching sequence set out in LETTERS and SOUNDS. Children learn sets of sounds as they progress through phases. In Reception children are learning in phases 2 through to 4. We expect children to move rapidly through the remaining phases (up to 6) in Key Stage 1.

    Some words cannot be decoded- they are irregular e.g. was/ the/ go. These are gradually taught as whole (tricky) words. The wider skills for reading are taught through Guided reading and in English lessons.

    Key Stage 1

    In English, during Key Stage 1 pupils learn to speak confidently and listen to what others have to say. They begin to read and write independently and with enthusiasm. They use language to explore their own experiences and imaginary worlds.

    Speaking and listening: during Key Stage 1 pupils learn to speak clearly, thinking about the needs of their listeners. They work in small groups and as a class, joining in discussions and making relevant points. They also learn how to listen carefully to what other people are saying, so that they can remember the main points. They learn to use language in imaginative ways and express their ideas and feelings when working in role and in drama activities.

    Reading: during Key Stage 1 pupils’ interest and pleasure in reading is developed as they learn to read confidently and independently. They focus on words and sentences and how they fit into whole texts. They work out the meaning of straightforward texts and say why they like them or do not like them.
    Writing: during Key Stage 1 pupils start to enjoy writing and see the value of it.

    They learn to communicate meaning in narrative and non-fiction texts and spell and punctuate correctly.

    Key Stage 2

    In English, during Key Stage 2 pupils learn to change the way they speak and write to suit different situations, purposes and audiences. They read a range of texts and respond to different layers of meaning in them. They explore the use of language in literary and non-literary texts and learn how language works.

    Speaking and listening: during Key Stage 2 pupils learn how to speak in a range of contexts, adapting what they say and how they say it to the purpose and the audience. Taking varied roles in groups gives them opportunities to contribute to situations with different demands. They also learn to respond appropriately to others, thinking about what has been said and the language used.

    Reading: during Key Stage 2 pupils read enthusiastically a range of materials and use their knowledge of words, sentences and texts to understand and respond to the meaning. They increase their ability to read challenging and lengthy texts independently. They reflect on the meaning of texts, analysing and discussing them with others.

    Writing: during Key Stage 2 pupils develop understanding that writing is both essential to thinking and learning, and enjoyable in its own right. They learn the main rules and conventions of written English and start to explore how the English language can be used to express meaning in different ways. They use the planning, drafting and editing process to improve their work and to sustain their fiction and non-fiction writing.

  • Extra-curricular Activities

    The extra-curricular programme at St Mary's is extensive: football, netball, rugby, athletics and tennis to name but a few sporting clubs. Other clubs include orchestra, choir, eco club, French, Latin, Spanish, dance and drama. Some of these clubs are provided by carefully selected outside specialists. We are currently running a programme of Creativity Afternoons, where our children can sample a range of interesting and fun ventures including Russian language, table tennis and puppetry.
  • Geography

    At St Mary’s, Geography is a valued part of our curriculum as it provides the children with a means of exploring, appreciating and understanding the world in which we live. We aim to teach Geography in a practical, interactive way to stimulate curiosity and imagination, whilst also developing key geographical skills. Through their work in Geography, children learn about their local area and compare their life in this area with that in other regions of the United Kingdom and the rest of the world. They learn how to draw and interpret maps and they develop the skills of research, investigation, analysis and problem-solving.

    As the curriculum is developing we will continue to teach Geography in a practical, engaging way, but the focus will be more on:

    - Developing knowledge of the location of globally significant places, including defining physical and human characteristics.

    - Understanding the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world and how they vary and change over time.

    - Children being proficient, from a younger age, in interpreting a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes and aerial photographs and being able to communicate that information in a variety of different ways.

  • History

    In History we aim to develop the concepts of time and chronology and to learn from the past. Please see the History Curriculum Map.
  • Mathematics

    Pupils acquire the mathematical skills needed in everyday life, together with the confidence and ability to apply them in practical situations. We teach a wide variety of strategies for children to develop their skills and confidence. There is a strong emphasis on the acquisition of mental skills as well as written methods. Children learn both formally and through playing carefully devised maths games (both physical and electronic), which can be explored further at home. You can see the progression in Mathematics for each year group here. This curriculum map provides a brief overview of the areas covered in an academic year.
  • Foreign Language

    Children from Reception to Year 6 learn French, and we also have a dedicated French teacher who visits regularly to improve pronunciation and appreciation of this language. We encourage our children to be confident in using a second language and to have an enthusiasm for finding out about other languages and cultures. Please see the French Curriculum Map.
  • Music, Dance and Drama

    All children follow our Music curriculum and learn music skills in performing, composing and appraising. We also have a choir and orchestra and opportunities for children to have individual tuition, either through the Richmond Music Trust or other professional tutors. We host annual performances in brass and classical instruments to show parents and friends how the children have developed in their chosen instrument. Children have the opportunity to perform in assemblies and other events, including services at St Mary's Church. The school offers a wide experience of drama and dance, through the curriculum and through opportunities for children to perform in regular productions and drama workshops. We introduce our children to challenging classic writers and modern authors, and make full use of local theatres and acting workshops such as the Orange Tree Theatre in Richmond. Citizenship education is about helping young people understand the rights and responsibilities they have as members of society. It is part of a non-statutory framework at Key Stages 1 and 2. Citizenship gives pupils the knowledge, skills and understanding to play an effective role in society. It helps them to become informed, thoughtful and responsible citizens aware of duties and rights. It promotes their spiritual, moral, social and cultural development, making them more self-confident. It encourages pupils to play a helpful part in the life of their school, community and world.

    Sex education is part of a developmental programme of Personal, Social and Health Education designed to meet the needs and maturity of children. The Governors have agreed a policy for sex education. Parents have the right to withdraw their children from the non-statutory parts of sex education. Please see the relevant policy.
  • Religious Education and Collective Worship

    As a Church of England school, we support and promote Christian beliefs and values. Children also learn about other religious traditions, including Hinduism, Judaism and Seikhism. The Governors determine the syllabus for Religious Education in the school and regularly review it.
  • Science

    We aspire to stimulate curiosity, enthusiasm and enquiry in Science. Children are encouraged to use observations and predictions to devise and plan experiments, and to draw conclusions and communicate their ideas. Science is a practical subject at St Mary's and the children enjoy becoming involved in experiments and explorations and finding out answers for themselves. Please see the Science Curriculum Map.
  • Sport and Physical Education